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Chapter 1: Psychology as Science

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What Is Psychology?

Is Psychological Science Really Scientific?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / What Science Is Not: Pseudoscience

How Do Psychologists Conduct Research?

Why Are Statistics Important in Psychology?

Why Are Ethics Important inPsychology?

Chapter 2: The Brain, the Body, and Behavior

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Where Is the Mind?

How Is the Nervous System Built?

How Is the Nervous System Organized?

How Is the Brain Organized?

AT THE FOREFRONT / Male and Female Brains Are Not Identical

What Is the Endocrine System?

What Is Neuroscience?

Chapter 3: The Nature and Nurture of Behavior

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What Are Genes?

How Do Genes and Environments Influence Behavior?

Why Are Psychologists Interested in Evolution?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Exceptions May Prove Trivers’s Rule

What Is the Sociocultural Perspective?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / Are Friends Good to Have? Friendship in West Africa and North America

Chapter 4: Human Lifespan Development

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Why Study Development?

How Does the Unborn Embryo Become a Newborn Infant?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / The “Crack Baby”: Crackpot Idea?

How Does the Infant Become a Child?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Early Child Care Has Benefits—and Costs

How Does the Child Become Adolescent?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / Our Parents Were Right (Sort of): Choose Your Friends Wisely

AT THE FOREFRONT / The Neural Basis of Morality

How Does the Adolescent Become Adult?

How Does the Adult Age?

Chapter 5: Perception and the Senses

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How Do Sensing and Perceiving Differ?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Can Subliminal Persuasion Make You Buy Coca-Cola or Boost Your Self-Esteem?

How Does the Eye Work?

How Does the Ear Work?

How Do the Nose and Tongue Receive Chemical Signals?

How Do the Skin and Body Feel?

How Do We Perceive Visual Images?

How Do Evolution, Culture, and Experience Affect Perception?

Chapter 6: Varieties of Consciousness

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What Is Consciousness? No One Knows

How—and Why—Do We Sleep?

What Are Dreams?

What Are Sleep Disorders?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / Getting a Good Night’s Sleep

Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness?

What Is the Nature of Meditation?

How Do Psychoactive Drugs Affect Consciousness?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / The Most Common Date Rape Drug Is Alcohol

Chapter 7: Learning

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What Is Learning?

What Is Classical Conditioning?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Will the Real Little Albert Please Crawl Forward?

What Are the Limits of Classical Conditioning?

What Is Operant Conditioning?

What Are the Limits of Operant Conditioning?

What Is Observational Learning?

AT THE FOREFRONT / Mirror Neurons and Autism

Chapter 8: Memory

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What Are Memories?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / How Not to Prepare for Exams

What Is “Remembering”?

AT THE FOREFRONT / Are “Brain Steroids” Useful (and Ethical)?

How Do We Forget Things That Happened (and Remember Things That Never Happened)?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Memories of Trauma, False and True

Chapter 9: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence

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How Does the Mind Work?

How Do We Use Thinking to Solve Problems?

How Do Biases Affect Decision Making?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Chance Is Lumpy: The Gambler’s Fallacy

Language: What Is It, and How Do We Learn It?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / There Ain’t No Such Thing as Bad Grammar, Yo’: The Linguistic View

Do Nonhuman Animals Have Language?

What Is Intelligence?

Where Does Intelligence Come From?

Chapter 10: Motivation

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What Are Motivations?

How Is Work a Window Onto Motivation?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / “Do What You Are”: Using Positive Psychology to Help Choose a Career

Why Do We Eat?

The Social Motivations: Why Do We Turn Toward One Another?

Aggression: Why Do We Turn Against One Another?

Competence: Why Do People Seek To Do Well?

Chapter 11: Emotion and Health

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What Is Emotion?

Are Some Emotions “Basic”?

How Do Psychologists Explain Emotion?

How Do People Deal with Anger?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / To Forgive Is Human as Well as Divine

Who Is Happy (and Why)?

What Is Stress?

Does Stress Cause Illness?

AT THE FOREFRONT / Placebo: Treatment or Nontreatment?

Coping: How Can Stress Be Managed?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / How to Meditate

Chapter 12: Personality

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What Is Personality?

What Are the “Grand Theories” of Personality?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Self-Esteem: It Feels Good, but What Does It Actually Do?

How Do Traits and Situations Affect Personality?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / What Is Your Big Five Score?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Astrology: Is Personality in the Stars?

How Do Genes, Environments, and Culture Influence Personality?

How Is Personality Measured?

How Much Does Personality Change Over Time?

Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders

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What Is A Psychological Disorder?

What Are Anxiety Disorders?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / Beware of Psychology Students’ Disease!

What Are Depressive and Bipolar Disorders?

Are Depression and Anxiety Overdiagnosed?

What Is Schizophrenia?

What Are Personality Disorders?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Sybil and the Epidemic of Multiple Personalities

Chapter 14: Treatment

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What Is Psychotherapy?

How Do Styles of Psychotherapy Differ?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / Cognitive Therapy to Fight Depression

What Are Group, Couple, and Family Therapies?

Does Psychotherapy Work?

What Is Pharmacotherapy?

Does Pharmacotherapy Work?

What Other Biological Treatments Are Available?

Chapter 15: Social Psychology

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What Is Psychological Self-Defense?

How Do We Present Ourselves to Others?

How Do We Explain Our Own and Others’ Behavior?

Who Attracts Whom?

How Do Other People Affect Our Opinions and Behavior?

How Does Intergroup Confl ict Lead to Aggression?

AT THE FOREFRONT / “Ultimate” Aggression: What Motivates a Suicide Terrorist?

Chapter 16: Sex, Gender, and Sexual Behavior

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Are “Sex” and “Gender” Different?

How Do the Sexes Differ?

CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY / Stereotype Threat: Are Scientifi c Theories about Sex Differences Dangerous?

Sexual Behavior: What Is “Having Sex,” and Why Do People Have It?

LIVING PSYCHOLOGY / Sexual Aggression: What Should You Do if You Are Raped or Sexually Assaulted?

How Does Sexuality Develop?

What Is Sexual Orientation?

How Closely Are Sex and Love Linked?